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Press Release Details

Rambus Reports First Quarter 2023 Financial Results

May 1, 2023
  • Delivered strong Q1 results with revenue and earnings at the high end of guidance
  • Produced quarterly product revenue of $63.8 million driven by memory interface chips, up 33% year over year
  • Extended comprehensive patent license agreement with SK hynix by 10 years through 2034

Rambus Inc. (NASDAQ:RMBS), a provider of industry-leading chips and IP making data faster and safer, today reported financial results for the first quarter ended March 31, 2023. GAAP revenue for the first quarter was $113.8 million, licensing billings were $63.4 million, product revenue was $63.8 million, and contract and other revenue was $21.8 million. The Company also generated $38.9 million in cash provided by operating activities in the first quarter.

“Rambus delivered a strong first quarter with revenue and earnings at the high end of guidance, driven by continued execution and industry-leading products as we successfully navigate the near-term challenges in the market,” said Luc Seraphin, chief executive officer of Rambus. “We are well positioned to address the favorable secular trends in the data center, fueled by exciting advancements in AI and other demanding workloads, and drive the company’s long-term profitable growth.”

Quarterly Financial Review - GAAP

Three Months Ended

March 31,

(In millions, except for percentages and per share amounts)

2023

 

2022

Revenue

 

 

 

Product revenue

$

63.8

 

 

$

48.0

 

Royalties

 

28.2

 

 

 

30.4

 

Contract and other revenue

 

21.8

 

 

 

20.6

 

Total revenue

 

113.8

 

 

 

99.0

 

Cost of product revenue

 

26.4

 

 

 

18.4

 

Cost of contract and other revenue

 

1.7

 

 

 

0.6

 

Amortization of acquired intangible assets (included in total cost of revenue)

 

3.6

 

 

 

3.4

 

Total operating expenses (1)

 

80.2

 

 

 

68.3

 

Operating income

$

1.9

 

 

$

8.3

 

Operating margin

 

2

%

 

 

8

%

Net income (loss)

$

3.3

 

 

$

(66.2

)

Diluted net income (loss) per share

$

0.03

 

 

$

(0.60

)

Net cash provided by operating activities

$

38.9

 

 

$

42.6

 

_________________________________________

(1)

Includes amortization of acquired intangible assets of approximately $0.4 million for each of the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022.

Quarterly Financial Review - Supplemental Information(1)

Three Months Ended

March 31,

(In millions)

2023

 

2022

Licensing billings (operational metric) (2)

$

63.4

 

$

64.1

 

Product revenue (GAAP)

$

63.8

 

$

48.0

 

Contract and other revenue (GAAP)

$

21.8

 

$

20.6

 

Non-GAAP cost of product revenue

$

26.3

 

$

18.3

 

Cost of contract and other revenue (GAAP)

$

1.7

 

$

0.6

 

Non-GAAP total operating expenses

$

58.3

 

$

56.0

 

Non-GAAP interest and other income (expense), net

$

0.9

 

$

(0.3

)

Diluted share count (GAAP)

 

111

 

 

113

 

_________________________________________

(1)

See “Supplemental Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Results” table included below.

 

 

(2)

Licensing billings is an operational metric that reflects amounts invoiced to our licensing customers during the period, as adjusted for certain differences relating to advanced payments for variable licensing agreements.

GAAP revenue for the quarter was $113.8 million. The Company also had licensing billings of $63.4 million, product revenue of $63.8 million, and contract and other revenue of $21.8 million. The Company had total GAAP cost of revenue of $31.7 million and operating expenses of $80.2 million. The Company also had total non-GAAP operating expenses of $86.3 million (including non-GAAP cost of revenue). The Company had GAAP diluted net income per share of $0.03. The Company’s basic share count was 108 million shares and its diluted share count was 111 million shares.

Cash, cash equivalents, and marketable securities as of March 31, 2023 were $292.1 million, a decrease of $21.1 million from December 31, 2022, mainly due to $30.7 million in payments of taxes on restricted stock units, $10.7 million paid in connection with the settlement of warrants associated with the 2023 senior notes, $10.4 million paid in connection with the repayment of the 2023 senior notes, partially offset by $38.9 million in cash provided by operating activities.

2023 Second Quarter Outlook

The Company will discuss its full revenue guidance for the second quarter of 2023 during its upcoming conference call. The following table sets forth second quarter outlook for other measures.

(In millions)

GAAP

 

Non-GAAP (1)

Licensing billings (operational metric) (2)

$61 - $67

 

$61 - $67

Product revenue (GAAP)

$50 - $56

 

$50 - $56

Contract and other revenue (GAAP)

$18 - $24

 

$18 - $24

Total operating costs and expenses

$97 - $93

 

$82 - $78

Interest and other income (expense), net

$1

 

$0

Diluted share count

112

 

112

_________________________________________

(1)

See “Reconciliation of GAAP Forward-Looking Estimates to Non-GAAP Forward-Looking Estimates” table included below.

 

(2)

Licensing billings is an operational metric that reflects amounts invoiced to our licensing customers during the period, as adjusted for certain differences relating to advanced payments for variable licensing agreements.

For the second quarter of 2023, the Company expects licensing billings to be between $61 million and $67 million. The Company also expects royalty revenue to be between $37 million and $43 million, product revenue to be between $50 million and $56 million and contract and other revenue to be between $18 million and $24 million. Revenue is not without risk and achieving revenue in this range will require that the Company sign customer agreements for various product sales and solutions licensing, among other matters.

The Company also expects operating costs and expenses to be between $97 million and $93 million. Additionally, the Company expects non-GAAP operating costs and expenses to be between $82 million and $78 million. These expectations also assume non-GAAP interest and other income (expense), net, of ($0 million), a tax rate of 24% and diluted share count of 112 million, and exclude stock-based compensation expense ($11 million), amortization of acquired intangible assets ($4 million), and interest income related to the significant financing component from fixed-fee patent and technology licensing arrangements ($1 million).

Conference Call

The Company’s management will discuss the results of the quarter during a conference call scheduled for 2:00 p.m. PT today. The call, audio and slides will be available online at investor.rambus.com and a replay will be available for the next week at the following numbers: (866) 813-9403 (domestic) or (+1) 929-458-6194 (international) with ID# 547470.

Non-GAAP Financial Information

In the commentary set forth above and in the financial statements included in this earnings release, the Company presents the following non-GAAP financial measures: cost of product revenue, operating expenses and interest and other income (expense), net. In computing each of these non-GAAP financial measures, the following items were considered as discussed below: stock-based compensation expense, acquisition-related costs and retention bonus expense, amortization of acquired intangible assets, expense on abandoned operating leases, facility restoration costs, change in fair value of earn-out liability, loss on extinguishment of debt, loss on fair value adjustment of derivatives, net, realized loss on sale of marketable securities sold for the purpose of notes repurchase, non-cash interest expense and certain other one-time adjustments. The non-GAAP financial measures disclosed by the Company should not be considered a substitute for, or superior to, financial measures calculated in accordance with GAAP, and the financial results calculated in accordance with GAAP and reconciliations from these results should be carefully evaluated. Management believes the non-GAAP financial measures are appropriate for both its own assessment of, and to show investors, how the Company’s performance compares to other periods. The non-GAAP financial measures used by the Company may be calculated differently from, and therefore may not be comparable to, similarly titled measures used by other companies. A reconciliation from GAAP to non-GAAP results is included in the financial statements contained in this release.

The Company’s non-GAAP financial measures reflect adjustments based on the following items:

Stock-based compensation expense. These expenses primarily relate to employee stock options, employee stock purchase plans, and employee non-vested equity stock and non-vested stock units. The Company excludes stock-based compensation expense from its non-GAAP measures primarily because such expenses are non-cash expenses that the Company does not believe are reflective of ongoing operating results. Additionally, given the fact that other companies may grant different amounts and types of equity awards and may use different option valuation assumptions, excluding stock-based compensation expense permits more accurate comparisons of the Company’s results with peer companies.

Acquisition-related costs and retention bonus expense. These expenses include all direct costs of certain acquisitions and the current period’s portion of any retention bonus expense associated with the acquisitions. The Company excludes these expenses in order to provide better comparability between periods as they are related to acquisitions and have no direct correlation to the Company’s operations.

Amortization of acquired intangible assets. The Company incurs expenses for the amortization of intangible assets acquired in acquisitions. The Company excludes these items because these expenses are not reflective of ongoing operating results in the period incurred. These amounts arise from the Company’s prior acquisitions and have no direct correlation to the operation of the Company’s core business.

Expense on abandoned operating leases. Reflects the expense on building leases that were abandoned. The Company excludes these charges because such charges are not directly related to ongoing business results and do not reflect expected future operating expenses.

Facility restoration costs. These charges consist of exit costs associated with our leased office space and are excluded because such charges are not directly related to ongoing business results and do not reflect expected future operating expenses.

Change in fair value of earn-out liability. This change is due to adjustments to acquisition purchase consideration. The Company excludes these adjustments because such adjustments are not directly related to ongoing business results and do not reflect expected future operating expenses.

Loss on extinguishment of debt.The Company has excluded loss on extinguishment of debt as this represents a cost of repurchasing its existing convertible notes and is not a reflection of the Company’s ongoing operations.

Loss on fair value adjustment of derivatives, net. The Company has excluded its loss on fair value adjustment of derivatives, net, as this represents cost and benefits of repurchasing its convertible notes and is not a reflection of the Company's ongoing operations.

Realized loss on sale of marketable securities sold for the purpose of notes repurchase. The Company has excluded its realized loss on sale of marketable securities sold for the purpose of repurchasing its convertible notes as this is not a reflection of the Company's ongoing operations.

Non-cash interest expense on convertible notes.The Company incurs non-cash interest expense related to its convertible notes. The Company excludes non-cash interest expense related to its convertible notes to provide more accurate comparisons of the Company’s results with other peer companies and to more accurately reflect the Company’s ongoing operations.

Income tax adjustments. For purposes of internal forecasting, planning and analyzing future periods that assume net income from operations, the Company estimates a fixed, long-term projected tax rate of approximately 24 percent for both 2023 and 2022, which consists of estimated U.S. federal and state tax rates, and excludes tax rates associated with certain items such as withholding tax, tax credits, deferred tax asset valuation allowance and the release of any deferred tax asset valuation allowance. Accordingly, the Company has applied these tax rates to its non-GAAP financial results for all periods in the relevant years to assist the Company’s planning.

On occasion in the future, there may be other items, such as significant gains or losses from contingencies, that the Company may exclude in deriving its non-GAAP financial measures if it believes that doing so is consistent with the goal of providing useful information to investors and management.

About Rambus Inc.

Rambus is a provider of industry-leading chips and silicon IP making data faster and safer. With over 30 years of advanced semiconductor experience, we are a pioneer in high-performance memory subsystems that solve the bottleneck between memory and processing for data-intensive systems. Whether in the cloud, at the edge or in your hand, real-time and immersive applications depend on data throughput and integrity. Rambus products and innovations deliver the increased bandwidth, capacity and security required to meet the world’s data needs and drive ever-greater end-user experiences. For more information, visit rambus.com.

Forward-Looking Statements

This release contains forward-looking statements under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including those relating to Rambus’ expectations regarding business opportunities, the Company’s ability to deliver long-term, profitable growth, product and investment strategies, and the Company’s outlook and financial guidance for the second quarter of 2023 and related drivers, and the Company’s ability to effectively manage supply chain shortages. Such forward-looking statements are based on current expectations, estimates and projections, management’s beliefs and certain assumptions made by the Company’s management. Actual results may differ materially. The Company’s business generally is subject to a number of risks which are described more fully in Rambus’ periodic reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, as well as the potential adverse impacts related to, or arising from, the COVID-19 and its variants. The Company undertakes no obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof.

Rambus Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Unaudited)

 

(In thousands)

March 31,
2023

 

December 31,
2022

ASSETS

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$

99,876

 

$

125,334

Marketable securities

 

192,261

 

 

187,892

Accounts receivable

 

59,408

 

 

55,368

Unbilled receivables

 

100,435

 

 

125,698

Inventories

 

26,180

 

 

20,900

Prepaids and other current assets

 

14,603

 

 

12,022

Total current assets

 

492,763

 

 

527,214

Intangible assets, net

 

46,936

 

 

50,880

Goodwill

 

292,040

 

 

292,040

Property, plant and equipment, net

 

89,393

 

 

86,255

Operating lease right-of-use assets

 

22,696

 

 

24,143

Deferred tax assets

 

2,623

 

 

3,031

Unbilled receivables

 

12,548

 

 

25,222

Other assets

 

3,631

 

 

3,809

Total assets

$

962,630

 

$

1,012,594

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES & STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

Accounts payable

$

18,117

 

$

24,815

Accrued salaries and benefits

 

15,906

 

 

20,502

Convertible notes

 

 

 

10,378

Deferred revenue

 

20,846

 

 

23,861

Income taxes payable

 

15,669

 

 

18,137

Operating lease liabilities

 

4,287

 

 

5,024

Other current liabilities

 

21,349

 

 

23,992

Total current liabilities

 

96,174

 

 

126,709

Long-term liabilities:

 

 

 

Long-term operating lease liabilities

 

28,127

 

 

29,079

Long-term income taxes payable

 

3,963

 

 

5,892

Deferred tax liabilities

 

26,658

 

 

24,964

Other long-term liabilities

 

45,979

 

 

46,653

Total long-term liabilities

 

104,727

 

 

106,588

Total stockholders’ equity

 

761,729

 

 

779,297

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

$

962,630

 

$

1,012,594

Rambus Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

(Unaudited)

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

2023

 

2022

Revenue:

 

 

 

Product revenue

$

63,775

 

 

$

47,969

 

Royalties

 

28,169

 

 

 

30,464

 

Contract and other revenue

 

21,818

 

 

 

20,617

 

Total revenue

 

113,762

 

 

 

99,050

 

Cost of revenue:

 

 

 

Cost of product revenue

 

26,423

 

 

 

18,397

 

Cost of contract and other revenue

 

1,691

 

 

 

624

 

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

 

3,562

 

 

 

3,378

 

Total cost of revenue

 

31,676

 

 

 

22,399

 

Gross profit

 

82,086

 

 

 

76,651

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

Research and development

 

41,898

 

 

 

39,815

 

Sales, general and administrative

 

30,964

 

 

 

26,906

 

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

 

382

 

 

 

409

 

Change in fair value of earn-out liability

 

6,900

 

 

 

1,200

 

Total operating expenses

 

80,144

 

 

 

68,330

 

Operating income

 

1,942

 

 

 

8,321

 

Interest income and other income (expense), net

 

2,161

 

 

 

1,360

 

Loss on extinguishment of debt

 

 

 

 

(66,497

)

Loss on fair value adjustment of derivatives, net

 

(240

)

 

 

(8,283

)

Interest expense

 

(381

)

 

 

(605

)

Interest and other income (expense), net

 

1,540

 

 

 

(74,025

)

Income (loss) before income taxes

 

3,482

 

 

 

(65,704

)

Provision for income taxes

 

201

 

 

 

514

 

Net income (loss)

$

3,281

 

 

$

(66,218

)

Net income (loss) per share:

 

 

 

Basic

$

0.03

 

 

$

(0.60

)

Diluted

$

0.03

 

 

$

(0.60

)

Weighted average shares used in per share calculation

 

 

 

Basic

 

108,277

 

 

 

109,889

 

Diluted

 

111,048

 

 

 

109,889

 

Rambus Inc.

Supplemental Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Results

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

(In thousands)

2023

 

2022

Cost of product revenue

$

26,423

 

 

$

18,397

 

Adjustment:

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

(131

)

 

 

(125

)

Non-GAAP cost of product revenue

$

26,292

 

 

$

18,272

 

 

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

$

80,144

 

 

$

68,330

 

Adjustments:

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

(12,932

)

 

 

(7,653

)

Acquisition-related costs and retention bonus expense

 

(825

)

 

 

(2,575

)

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

 

(382

)

 

 

(409

)

Expense on abandoned operating leases

 

(521

)

 

 

(539

)

Facility restoration costs

 

(316

)

 

 

 

Change in fair value of earn-out liability

 

(6,900

)

 

 

(1,200

)

Non-GAAP total operating expenses

$

58,268

 

 

$

55,954

 

 

 

 

 

Interest and other income (expense), net

$

1,540

 

 

$

(74,025

)

Adjustments:

 

 

 

Interest income related to significant financing component from fixed-fee patent and technology licensing arrangements

 

(919

)

 

 

(1,827

)

Non-cash interest expense on convertible notes

 

3

 

 

 

105

 

Loss on extinguishment of debt

 

 

 

 

66,497

 

Loss on fair value adjustment of derivatives, net

 

240

 

 

 

8,283

 

Realized loss on sale of marketable securities sold for the purpose of notes repurchase

 

 

 

 

688

 

Non-GAAP interest and other income (expense), net

$

864

 

 

$

(279

)

Rambus Inc.

Reconciliation of GAAP Forward-Looking Estimates to Non-GAAP Forward-Looking Estimates

(Unaudited)

 

2023 Second Quarter Outlook

 

Three Months Ended

June 30, 2023

(In millions)

 

Low

 

High

Forward-looking operating costs and expenses

 

$

97.1

 

 

$

93.1

 

Adjustments:

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

(11.1

)

 

 

(11.1

)

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

 

 

(4.0

)

 

 

(4.0

)

Forward-looking Non-GAAP operating costs and expenses

 

$

82.0

 

 

$

78.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

Forward-looking interest and other income (expense), net

 

$

0.6

 

 

$

0.6

 

Adjustments:

 

 

 

 

Interest income related to significant financing component from fixed-fee patent and technology licensing arrangements

 

 

(0.6

)

 

 

(0.6

)

Forward-looking Non-GAAP interest and other income (expense), net

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

Desmond Lynch
Senior Vice President, Finance and Chief Financial Officer
(408) 462-8000
dlynch@rambus.com

Source: Rambus Inc.